Buddhist Hindu Calendar

Home
Buddha's Proof of Having Become God
Lord Buddha Is God
The Triple Gem
Heart Sutra - Bloodless Circumcision
The Bodhi Tree - The Tree of Wisdom
Nibbana is Shivam
Lord Buddha Puja
Buddha Pictures
India's Glorious Kings
Golden Light Sutra
10 Perfections - 10 Jatakas
BUDDHA IS THE MAHAPURUSHA
Avalokiteshwar and Hanuman
Goddess Tara
Lord Buddha is Narasimha - The Lion Amongst Men!
Lord Buddha Is Called Gopala and MahaGovinda- The Wise Cowherder
Buddha as Vishnu
Lord Buddha Is Lord Rama - Dasaratha Jataka
Kanha - Ghata Jataka
Bhagwad Gita - A Buddhist Sutra?
BuddhaTube
Buddhism and Hinduism
Buddhism and Christianity
Buddhist Hindu Calendar
Contact Me

goldenband6.jpg

á

amitayus1.jpg

á

goldenband6.jpg

The above calendar is based on the keeping of the Uposatha on the Ashtami, chaturdashi, and full and new moon days.  The Uposatha in Buddha Dharma are generally days in which the lay followers (and of course the Monks and Nuns) can intensify their practices.  The lay followers generally take the Eight Precepts and meditate.
 
Usually, what is the Uposatha that is observed on the 8th, 14th and 15th days called?
It is called the pakkha-uposatha. This is the Uposatha generally mentioned in the Jatakas.
 
What is recited when requesting and undertaking the Uposatha sila?
  • One starts the process by venerating the Buddha with these words:

    namo tassa bhagavato arahato samma-sambuddhassa.

    Homage to the Exalted One, the Arahant, the Buddha perfected by himself. (three times)

  • Secondly, the Three Refuges are taken, as follows:
    buddham saranam gacchami — To the Buddha I go for refuge.
    dhammam saranam gacchami — To the Dhamma I go for refuge.
    sangham saranam gacchami — To the Sangha I go for refuge.
    dutiyampi buddham saranam gacchami — For the second time...
    dutiyampi dhammam saranam gacchami — For the second time...
    dutiyampi sangham saranam gacchami — For the second time...
    tatiyampi buddham saranam gacchami — For the third time...
    tatiyampi dhammam saranam gacchami — For the third time...
    tatiyampi sangham saranam gacchami — For the third time...

    (The bhikkhu will then say: "tisarana-gamanam nitthitam" or "tisarana-gamanam" or "sarana-gamanam," meaning: "Completed are the Three Refuges.")

  • Now, along with the intent to refrain, one takes the precepts one by one:
    1. panatipata veramani sikkhapadam samadiyami.
      I request the training rule to refrain from the taking of life as well as from ordering others to kill.
    2. adinnadana veramani sikkhapadam samadiyami.
      I request the training rule to refrain from stealing as well as from ordering others to steal.
    3. abrahmacariya veramani sikkhapadam samadiyami.
      I request the training rule to refrain from unchaste behavior, which is an obstacle to the Brahma-faring.
    4. musavada veramani sikkhapadam samadiyami.
      I request the training rule to refrain from false speech.
    5. sura-meraya-majja-pamadatthana veramani sikkhapadam samadiyami.
      I request the training rule to refrain from taking distilled and fermented intoxicants, which cause carelessness.
    6. vikala-bhojana veramani sikkhapadam samadiyami.
      I request the training rule to refrain from eating in the wrong time, the wrong time being between noon and the following dawn.
    7. nacca-gita-vadita-visuka-dassana mala-gandha-vilepana-dharana-mandana-vibhusanatthana veramani sikkha- padam samadiyami.
      I request the training rule to refrain from dancing, singing, music and going to see entertainments, which are stumbling blocks to wholesomeness; and to refrain from wearing garlands, using perfumes and beautifying the body with cosmetics.
    8. uccasayana-mahasayana veramani sikkhapadam samadiyami.
      I request the training rule to refrain from sitting or lying down on seats or beds with legs over the limit and on large seats or beds, and from using intricate or detailed bed coverings.
imam atthamgasama˝˝agatam buddhapa˝˝attam uposatham ima˝ca rattim ima˝ca divasam sammadeva abhirakkhitum samadiyami.

The Uposatha which was laid down by the Buddha and consists of the eight sila has been determined by me — I will keep it well for one full day and night.

(The bhikkhu then says: "imani attha sikkhapadaniajjekam rattindivam uposathasilavasena tumhehi upasakupasikabhutehi sadhukam akhandam katva appamadena rakkhitabbani.")

The assembed lay people answer: "ama bhante."

(The bhikkhu continues: "silena sugatim yanti silena bhogasampada silena nibbutim yanti tasma silam visodhaye.")

This is the end of requesting the precepts. The laity should pay respect to the bhikkhu by bowing.

What are the different categories of observance?
://www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/authors/nanavara/uposatha.html#qa
  • pakati-uposatha
  • pati-jagara-uposatha
  • pati-harika-pakkha-uposatha
The times for keeping the pakati-uposatha are the 5th, 8th, 14th and 15th of the waxing moon and the 5th, 8th, 14th and 15th of the waning moon.

The times for keeping the pati-jagara-uposatha are the five days of the waxing moon, i.e., the 4th, 6th, 7th, 9th, and the 13th, and the six days of the waning moon: the 1st, 4th, 6th, 7th, 9th, and 12th or 13th. That makes eleven days in a month for the observance of this type of Uposatha.

SOLAR AND LUNAR ECLIPSES

During a (partial) solar eclipse the effects of positive and negative actions are multiplied by 10,000 according to the Khandro site, 100 million times according to Lama Zopa Rinpoche. During (partial) lunar eclipse, the factor is 7 million according to Lama Zopa Rinpoche, practices like taking the Eight Mahayana Precepts are thus strongly advised.

On the Buddha-days, positive and negative actions are multiplied by 100:
- Tibetan 8th (about first quarter): Medicine Buddha (Lama Zopa Rinpoche also advises practice of Tara or Mahakala and taking Eight Mahayana Precepts)
- Tibetan 15th, full moon: Amitabha Buddha, meditation, recitation of Sutras and taking Eight Mahayana Precepts, Kalachakra day
- Tibetan 30th, new moon: Shakyamuni Buddha meditation, recitation of Sutras and taking Eight Mahayana Precepts

Medicine Buddha day: the 8th of every month (Lama Zopa Rinpoche also advises Tara or Mahakala puja).
Dakini's day: the 25th of every month is related to the "Mother tantras" and tsog is performed by everyone who has received a Highest Yoga Tantra initiation.
Dharmapala's day (Dharma Protectors): the 29th of every month is a special day for Protector practice.
Sojong: on 14 or 15th and 29th or 30th, confession practice for monks and nuns.
Eight Mahayana Precepts: for one day, one can take the precepts to refrain from killing, stealing, any sexual conduct, lying, intoxication, not to take a high or luxurious seat, not to sing, dance or wear ornaments, and not to eat after midday. (The first time, one should receive the precepts from a qualified teacher, thereafter one can take them by oneself.)

THE SILA LEADS TO THE PARTAKING AND COMPLETION OF THE VEDIC SACRIFICE:
 

Five faultless gifts

"There are these five gifts, five great gifts — original, long-standing, traditional, ancient, unadulterated, unadulterated from the beginning — that are not open to suspicion, will never be open to suspicion, and are unfaulted by knowledgeable contemplatives & priests. Which five?

"There is the case where a disciple of the noble ones, abandoning the taking of life, abstains from taking life. In doing so, he gives freedom from danger, freedom from animosity, freedom from oppression to limitless numbers of beings. In giving freedom from danger, freedom from animosity, freedom from oppression to limitless numbers of beings, he gains a share in limitless freedom from danger, freedom from animosity, and freedom from oppression. This is the first gift, the first great gift — original, long-standing, traditional, ancient, unadulterated, unadulterated from the beginning — that is not open to suspicion, will never be open to suspicion, and is unfaulted by knowledgeable contemplatives & priests...

"Furthermore, abandoning taking what is not given (stealing), the disciple of the noble ones abstains from taking what is not given. In doing so, he gives freedom from danger, freedom from animosity, freedom from oppression to limitless numbers of beings. In giving freedom from danger, freedom from animosity, freedom from oppression to limitless numbers of beings, he gains a share in limitless freedom from danger, freedom from animosity, and freedom from oppression. This is the second gift...

"Furthermore, abandoning illicit sex, the disciple of the noble ones abstains from illicit sex. In doing so, he gives freedom from danger, freedom from animosity, freedom from oppression to limitless numbers of beings. In giving freedom from danger, freedom from animosity, freedom from oppression to limitless numbers of beings, he gains a share in limitless freedom from danger, freedom from animosity, and freedom from oppression. This is the third gift...

"Furthermore, abandoning lying, the disciple of the noble ones abstains from lying. In doing so, he gives freedom from danger, freedom from animosity, freedom from oppression to limitless numbers of beings. In giving freedom from danger, freedom from animosity, freedom from oppression to limitless numbers of beings, he gains a share in limitless freedom from danger, freedom from animosity, and freedom from oppression. This is the fourth gift...

"Furthermore, abandoning the use of intoxicants, the disciple of the noble ones abstains from taking intoxicants. In doing so, he gives freedom from danger, freedom from animosity, freedom from oppression to limitless numbers of beings. In giving freedom from danger, freedom from animosity, freedom from oppression to limitless numbers of beings, he gains a share in limitless freedom from danger, freedom from animosity, and freedom from oppression. This is the fifth gift, the fifth great gift — original, long-standing, traditional, ancient, unadulterated, unadulterated from the beginning — that is not open to suspicion, will never be open to suspicion, and is unfaulted by knowledgeable contemplatives & priests. And this is the eighth reward of merit, reward of skillfulness, nourishment of happiness, celestial, resulting in happiness, leading to heaven, leading to what is desirable, pleasurable, & appealing; to welfare & to happiness."

AN 8.39